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After a beautiful introduction there are seven major Old Testament citations.  The author of Hebrews is enamored with Christ – so much so that he purposefully omits mention of his own name.  No doubt, the recipients knew who the writer was without being told.  After introducing Christ and seven primary aspects of His Exceeding Excellence in verses 1-3, the writer supports these excellencies with seven extensive and important Old Testament citations.  These citations indicate that the recipients were not convinced of Christ’s glory – they wanted proof. They also indicate that the doubters were Jewish.  They would accept proof, but it would have to come from the Hebrew Scriptures.


The Old Testament Citations come mostly from the Psalms.  Six of the seven Old Testament citations (Psalm 2:7; 97:7; 104:4; 45:6 – 7; 102:25 – 27 and 110:1) are from the Psalms.  Only the second citation, 1:5b (2 Samuel 7:14) comes from the Prophets.  Palm 110, the last citation, is the most cited Old Testament passage in the New Testament.  Many do not realize how much rich theology comes from the worship book of ancient Israel.  It is crucial that the doctrine of our songs be sound!

The seven citations correspond to the seven primary Excellencies of Christ.  Seven primary excellencies of Christ (vv. 1-3), seven Old Testament citations in support (vv. 5 – 13).  There is a definite correspondence between the excellencies and the citations.  The first excellency is that God “has spoken to us in His Son” (1:2) and the first citation is: “Thou art My Son” (1:5).  The last excellency is that He has “sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high” (1:3) and the last citation is: “Sit at My right hand, until I make Thine enemies a footstool for Thy feet” (1:13).  In general, there is one citation for each of Christ’s exalted characteristics.

The seven citations make a profound theological point.  Besides supporting Christ’s excellencies, the writer is intent on proving that Christ the Man is better than the angels, which ultimately means that Christ is able to make redeemed man greater than angels as well.  This is an astounding.  Man, in his unredeemed state, is little better than a worm. However, since a Man, Christ Jesus, is on par with God, He is able to exalt those whom He redeems to a place much higher than the angels.  This exaltation of redeemed man in Christ ultimately means that angels are servants of redeemed man (1:14).  The seven citations probably group together thus. The first two (1:5) focus on Christ’s coming Kingship.  The next four (1:6 – 12) focus on Christ’s superiority to angels.  The last, Psalm 110:1 (1:13), focuses on His future exaltation of the saints.

Don’t Miss Out!  Redeemed Man’s Destiny in Christ is Exalted in the Heavens!