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The writer has spoken about Jesus, the New Covenant and heaven.  The consummation of the New Covenant is the Great Transition of the Bible.  The New Covenant features an eternal High Priest, Jesus Christ the Son of God, instead of a high priest physically descended from Aaron.  It also features a home in heaven (John 14:2), instead of earthy fellowship with God in a temporary tent (the Tabernacle) behind a veil (9:8).  The writer has been speaking about the new High Priest (7:11 – 28), the New Covenant (8:1 – 13) and heaven as Jesus’ New Covenant place of ministry (9:1 – 24).  In 9:25 through 10:18, the focus of the writer switches to Jesus’ blood as infinitely superior to the Old Testament sacrifices of animal blood.


The writer begins with a simple observation about Jesus’ sacrifice.  The writer has said many things about Jesus’ sacrifice as compared to animal sacrifices earlier in the chapter (9:7, 12 – 14, 23).  However, starting with 9:25 through 10:18, as the blood of Christ becomes the major focus of the better provisions of the New Covenant, the writer begins with a simple observation.  This observation is that Christ’s sacrifice of His own blood as opposed to the blood of animals under the Old Covenant was a one-time, for all time (10:12, 14), all-at-once, once-for-all sacrifice (10:12) whereas the sacrifices of animal blood under the Old Covenant were oft-repeated (9:25, 26), continual (10:1), daily (10:11), time-after-time (10:11), year-by-year (9:25; 10:3) sacrifices which could never take away sins (10:4).


The writer draws conclusion after conclusion from this one observation.  From this one observation the writer forms every conclusion in the section 9:25 through 10:18.  Such conclusions are that animal sacrifices were weak as shadows (10:1), were only reminders, not removers of sin (10:3), could not take away sins (10:4), were not ultimately pleasing to God (10:8), and were temporary and made for replacement (10:9).  This fact that Jesus’ sacrifice was once-for-all but the animal sacrifices were repeated is crucial.

The immediate point is that Jesus’ sacrifice has consummated the Ages.  Although the writer will draw many conclusions about Jesus’ once-for-all sacrifice in the next chapter, the writer’s immediate point is Jesus’ sacrifice has “consummated the ages” (9:26).  Consummate means ‘to complete,’ and Jesus’ sacrifice has completed the entire previous age of animal sacrifices and ushered in a completely new age.  In this new age, the people of God should never look to any other sacrifice other than the one that Jesus already completed (10:26).   Also, the people of God should never look to any High Priest other than the One Who has entered heaven “to appear in the presence of God for us” (9:24).  The people of God should also look for no other hope other than the Second appearance of Him Who has come to reward believers whose sin no longer exists because of their faith in His ministry (9:28).

Jesus completed it all: sin removal, Priestly intercession & eternal reward!